Perfect tucks, precise stitches, great embroidery and a personal touch cannot be achieved without the help of presser feet. Gone are the days where an extra effort was needed to create beautiful clothes. Thanks to good inventions, you can now grab the revolutionary 32 piece presser foot set and give your sewing a new turn. The presser foot is simply an attachment that is used on sewing machines to hold the fabric while it is being sewn. There are so many different types of presser feet and they all bear different names and have their own different functions. Basically, presser feet come in three types: low shank, high shank and the slanted shank. Shank simply is the name of the needle bar. So technically, the needle bar is what dictates the type of presser feet to get. They can be long, short or slanted. A low shank machine accepts only low shank presser foot and it’s the same for the others too so when buying presser feet, buy according to the needs of your sewing machine. Most feet are made with metal but some are also available in plastic. The basic functions of presser feet are: first, to keep the material under control when sewing, for creating a more polished finish, for adding decorative elements and for adding basic components such as buttons, zippers, and piping. With the presser foot, it is easier to create your unique work without duplicating someone else’s work.
In a presser foot set, you will find everything you need for a perfect work. The 32 piece presser foot set, for instance, is built to fit major sewing machine brands such as Singer, Janome, Brother, Neechi, Elna, Viking and more others and compact with all the feet needed for your sewing.
What Are the Most Basic Presser Feet?
For standard sewing, you find these:
- The straight foot
- The walking foot, also known as the even feed foot
- The zigzag presser foot
- The zipper foot
- Open toe foot
- All-purpose foot
- Buttonhole foot
- Button sewing foot
- Cording foot
- Hemming feet
- Gathering foot
- Darning foot and more.
Each of these has the specific functions they play and some even come in different types.
Specific Functions of the Various Presser Feet.
The all-purpose presser foot: This type of presser foot has other names like standard presser foot, universal presser foot, and general purpose presser foot. This kind is versatile and can be used for general sewing. It can do regular stitches, zigzag stitches and is ideal for all standard sewing. This foot has a wide needle hole and foot leveller that you push when you want to sew on thick fabrics.
The straight presser foot: This kind of presser foot is used for sewing only straight stitches. Using it for something other than straight stitches may cause its needle to break. It is suitable for sewing on heavy fabrics too.
The zigzag presser foot: This type of presser foot is used for zigzag stitches and it is designed a bit wider than the straight foot but can also be used for straight stitching. They come in either metal or plastic but most people prefer it in plastic because it gives them maximum visibility and control when doing intricate designs. It can also be used for applique and embroidery.
The walking foot: Also called the even feed foot, it is designed for sewing multiple layers of fabric together while maintaining total control and speed of both the upper layer fabric and the lower layer fabric. It does this with the help of feed dogs in the sewing machine that pushes the fabrics through simultaneously and makes them appear even; hence, its name- even feed. This foot is great for quilting.
The zipper feet: When it comes to zipping, there are different types of foots available for the different kinds of zippers. There is the two-sided zipper foot, the super slim zipper foot, the adjustable zipper foot and the invisible zipper foot. The two-sided zipper foot snaps on either the left or right side rather than the centre. This kind of foot lets you get closer than the standard foot or even the regular zipper foot. The super slim zipper foot is much slimmer than the regular wider snap on zipper foot. With this foot, the needle is set really close to the zipper teeth and holds your fabric as you stitch. It is easier to insert zippers and press studs with this kind of foot. The adjustable zipper foot is the ordinary zipper foot that can be adjusted and enables you to sew on the right side, left side or on the centre of the zipper for easier stitching. The invisible zipper foot, also known as the concealed zipper foot has two tunnels that the stitches or coils travel under and perfectly positions the stitches so they don’t show on the front of the garment and making stitching on an invisible zipper easier.
The button sewing foot: This foot is used to sew buttons on clothes with the sewing machine. It is used with the sewing machine’s feed dogs and with the machine set at a width that corresponds with the buttonholes and that will also allow the needle go down the holes.
The buttonhole foot: This foot helps make buttonholes with precision. They can be made automatically or manually. The buttonhole foot comes in two types: the sliding buttonhole foot and the automatic buttonhole foot. The sliding one creates a buttonhole in four steps while the automatic one does it in a step. They are clearly marked with measurements that help you make properly sized buttonholes and reproduce identical buttonholes. The sliding frame on the sliding buttonhole foot provides guidance for the fabric while the hole is being stitched. With this foot, you measure the button and make the holes in the necessary steps. With the automatic buttonhole foot, holes are created with a lever in just one step.
Open toe applique foot: This looks like the zigzag foot but has a wider stitching area and a clear plastic that ensures greater visibility when sewing. It also has shorter toes compared to the zigzag foot. It is perfect for embroidery and applique and other intricate design work. It is also called the open toe embroidery foot.
Cording feet: The cording foot is used to sew cord over garments and other things such as pillows, cushions and furniture covers. They don’t reveal a single stitch when they are used. There are different types of cording feet available for different quantities of cords. There is the 1 hole cording foot, 5 hole cording foot, and 7 hole cording foot.
The Hemming’s feet: For hemming, there are the rolled hem foot and the blind hem foot. The rolled hem foot is perfect for narrow hemstitching. Narrow hems are great for delicate fabrics like chiffon and silk because the foot automatically curls the hem while stitching and makes it easier to handle such fabrics with no headache. The blind hem stitch is good for stitching hems on dresses and skirts instead of stitching with the hand.
Pin tuck foot: This is used with a twin needle and used for pin tucking. There are different pin tuck feet with different hole or tunnels and sizes. There are 7 tunnels or groove pin tuck foot and the 9 tunnel pin tuck foot. The pin tuck foot allows for precision spacing of pin tucks.
Gathering foot and ruffling foot: This foot is used to make ruffles and gathers on skirts and tops. With this, the longer you stitch, the more gathers you get. The ruffling foot is another kind that is also used for gathering. They create fuller and heavier gathers. The gathering foot has two slots: one for gathering and the other for a flat fabric that you can sew the gathers on.
Piping foot: This is used on piping for accessories and upholstery. This foot ensures proper placement of piping and they come in different sizes.
Quarter inch quilting foot: This is also known as the patchwork foot. It is ideal for freehand and pattern stitching and designed to help sew with multiple layers simultaneously. It has a metal bar guide that keeps the fabrics aligned. It is designed for easy pivoting that helps to achieve an accurate ¼ seam allowance and keep the seams equal.
Satin Stitch foot: This is also known as the monogramming foot. It is used for embroidery and decorative stitches only. It looks like a standard foot but this one is wider and has a deeper tunnel for smooth stitching.
Darning foot: The darning foot is built with a spring that works together with the needle. The presser foot goes up when the needle goes up and vice versa. There is an open toe version of the darner foot that provides better visibility. This is used for freestyle decoration on quilts and other embroidery work.
There are other presser feet that are created for a specialty. The roller or Teflon foot, the adjustable binder foot, the braiding foot and the edge joining foot. The Teflon is used to make stitches on heavy fabrics like denim, vinyl, leather, suede, and plastic. The roller foot features a roller attached that rolls on top of even fabric surfaces. The bias binder foot is used for attaching bias with ease, the braiding is used for attaching braids, cords and ribbons and the edge joining is used to make edge joining easy.
Presser feet are useful in making sewing easier. They are quite durable and not easily breakable and can be easily replaced when lost. Once you know the type of presser feet you need for your sewing machine: high shank, low or slanted shanks, you will be able to find what you need at a store. You can’t keep piling unfinished work in your sewing room. Get this 32 piece presser foot set and enjoy a happy stitching.