CROCHETING BLOG: How to Crochet Foundation Single Crochet (FSC)


Foundation crochet stitches are designed to skip the usual first step of creating a long crochet chain to begin your work, instead of making the first row and the chain stitch in one step. For example, in the Foundation Single Crochet (FSC) stitch, you’ll create the chain row and the first row of single crochet at the same time. Cool, right?!

READ ON TO LEARN WHEN AND WHY YOU MIGHT WANT TO USE FOUNDATION CROCHET STITCHES, PLUS HOW TO DO THE FSC!

WHAT ARE FOUNDATION CROCHET STITCHES?

Most crochet patterns call for you to create a chain of a certain length before beginning the first row of the work. Foundation crochet stitches combine these two steps into one, creating the chain at the same time that you create the first row. That’s why these stitches are sometimes called “chainless crochet.”

WHY USE FOUNDATION CROCHET STITCHES?

  • Some people find it tedious to work their first row into a very long chain, sometimes causing them to miss stitches. This isn’t an issue with foundation crochet.
  • Some yarn types don’t work well when working into a base chain because the stitches are tougher to see (novelty yarns are often like this). It’s easier to work directly into the first row.
  • Starting chains sometimes have a different tension than the rest of the project. This problem is eliminated with foundation stitches.
  • Foundation stitches have a little bit of give to them, making them a great choice for projects such as garments where you want a little bit of stretch.

WHEN CAN YOU USE A CHAINLESS FOUNDATION?

Some patterns specifically call for foundation crochet or chainless foundation to begin a project. However, you can use this technique with any pattern.

To change a pattern, to begin with, a foundation chain, simply eliminate the chain from the equation and begin with the first row, creating the same number of foundation stitches as the row calls for.

For example, if the first row in your pattern calls for 100 single crochet stitches, you’ll skip the chain and make 100 foundation single crochet stitches instead.

HOW TO CROCHET FOUNDATIONAL SINGLE CROCHET (FSC)

As you work your foundation single crochet, you’ll notice that this first part of the project is worked vertically instead of horizontally. If you’re familiar with Tunisian crochet, you’ll find some similarities between the FSC and a Tunisian edge stitch before working a return pass.

The “chain” will be on the left side of the vertical strip (if you’re a right-handed crocheter) and the first row of single crochet will appear on the right side of this vertical strip. Let’s give it a try.

STEP 1:

Begin with a slip knot on your crochet hook, then chain two.

STEP 2:

Insert your hook into the first chain stitch.

STEP 3:

Yarn over and pull up one loop. You should have two loops on the hook when you complete this step.

STEP 4:

Yarn over and pull the yarn through the first loop on your hook. The yarn you just pulled through is actually a chain stitch. You might want to add a removable stitch marker here so you don’t forget. 

STEP 5:

Yarn over and pull through both of the loops on your hook to make a single crochet. You should have one loop on the hook when you complete this step.

You’ve just finished your first foundation crochet stitch. Pretty easy, right? The second stitch is a little trickier, so stay with us. 

STEP 6:

Remember how you made a chain in Step 4? That’s the chain you’ll now be working into next.

Insert your crochet hook into the space indicated above — the space between the chain and the single crochet.

STEP 7:

Yarn over and pull up one loop. You should have two loops on your hook. Yarn over and pull the yarn through the first loop on your hook.

You’ve just made your next chain stitch. Now is a good time to move your locking stitch marker and place it around the chain stitch, as shown above.

STEP 8:

To finish the second foundation crochet stitch, yarn over and pull through both loops on the hook.

STEP 9:

Repeat Steps 6-8 until you have the number of stitches you need for your project.

When you’ve completed the first row, turn your work. You are now ready to begin Row 2 of your project.

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