If you’re new to sewing, this basic sewing stitches guide is a great place for you to start. Before you hop on your sewing machine or get a needle and thread, read this infographic and familiarize yourself with the basic sewing stitches!
Basic Sewing Stitches | A Beginner’s Guide
Trust me, I know how it feels to be a beginner in sewing. But for me to gain more confidence in learning how to sew, I had to go back to the basics. I can still recall how excited I was to start on my beginner sewing projects, only to find myself confused and disheartened in the process. That’s when I realized I constantly need to brush up on my knowledge of the basic sewing stitches and put that into practice.
A big thank you to our friends from Take Lessons for their awesome and very helpful infographic. Now, we have a better guide to basic sewing stitches!
1. Hand-Sewing Stitches
- Bring your needle up through the fabric from the back (wrong side).
- Once the knot hits the fabric, make a stitch to the left or right.
- Bring the thread back up and repeat.
- Use the same technique as the running stitch but make longer stitches (between 1/4 inch and a 1/2 inch).
- Work from left to right: take tiny stitches on the hem, and then on the garment.
- Keep stitches loose and even.
- Work from left to right: take a small stitch, then insert the needle at the end of the previous stitch and bring it out beyond the point where the thread emerges.
Blanket Stitch/Buttonhole Stitch
- Secure the thread on the wrong side of the fabric. With the right side facing upward, insert the needle from back to front, about 1/8 inch from the edge.
- Wrap the working head around behind the eye of the needle, then behind the point.
- Pull the needle through, bringing the knot to the fabric edge.
Slip Stitch/Blind Stitch
- Bring the needle through the fold of the hem and pick up a thread of fabric at the same point.
- Make the stitches fairly loose, and about a 1/2 inch apart.
2. Sewing Machine Stitches
Standard Forward/Backward Stitch
- Begin straight stitching 1/8 -3/8 inches from the fabric edge.
- Backstitch the forward stitch over the pinned or basted seam.
- Repeat the reverse stitch to finish.
- Provides a clean finish to raw edges, and can be used as a finishing technique in combination with a stay stitching line.
- You can adjust both the width and length of this stitch.
- Use Zigzag Foot, No.13 from Ultimate 52-Piece Presser Foot Set
- Most sewing machines can make buttonholes, either with a fully-automatic buttonhole foot attachment or a pre-programmed buttonhole. Use Adjustable Buttonhole Foot
Blind Hem Stitch
- Consists of two or three straight stitches, and then one wide zigzag/catch stitch.
- Just as in the hand-stitched version of the blind hem, the fabric is folded under and away with the hem edge projecting.
- Use Blind Hem Presser Foot
3. Seam Finishes
- Once the seam is sewn and pressed open, zigzag stitch the raw edge and trim away the excess.
Turn and Stitch
- Fold and press the seam: leave a 1/4 inch and machine stitch along the folded edge to finish.
- The seams are then pressed open or to one side (depending on the pattern).
- Best for unlined jackets and skirts.
- Use 5/8 inch bias tape to enclose the raw edge and stitch through all layers.
- Use Sewing Bias Tape Makers
- Use pinking shears to trim away seam allowance.
- You can also machine stitch 1/4 inch from the seam, and then trim the edges with pinking shears.
- An alternative to the zigzag stitch, used in small areas or on very thick fabric.
- Taking very loose stitches, overcast the raw seam edges by hand.
- Used to strengthen a seam or as a decorative finish.
- Press seams open, then stitch in place from the wrong side.
Visit our SHOP for MORE AMAZING ITEMS AVAILABLE!
ONLY FOR THE FIRST 500 READERS:
Use the coupon code SEWEASY15 at checkout to get 15% off all orders!
Only for the first 500!